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That's all good to know, but how do you find your IP address?There may come a time when you need to know the IP address of your router, as assigned by your ISP.The protocol used by the router to assign IP addresses is called Dynamic Host Control Protocol (DHCP).
When it comes to your computer(s), there are actually several IP addresses involved.
One is how the computer talks to the internet at large, which is the IP address of your router.
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A static IP address is also known as a fixed address.
This means that a computer with an assigned static IP address uses the same IP address when connecting to the Internet. The ISP assigns each address to its networked computers via the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) server, which is configured to allocate static IP addresses to specific computers.This of course moves us into the subnet topic where you can find more information by visiting Search Networking.com's IP addressing and subnetting fundamentals guide and my websites' Introduction to subnetting article.Expert Chris Partsenidis explains what i Perf is and how i Perf commands can help you measure your network's bandwidth, delay, jitter and potential for...Networks, and the internet, don't identify computers (of any size, even your smartphone) by the name you give them.Computers prefer numbers, and the numbers they use as identifiers are called IP addresses.The addresses are used for network identification and communication. Unlimited IP address requirements were not considered when the Internet was first conceptualized.At that time, Internet Protocol version 4, based on 32-bit addressing (IPv4) allowed for 4.2 billion unique addresses.IP addresses are typically in the same format as a 32-bit number, shown as four decimal numbers each with a range of 0 to 255, separated by dots—each set of three numbers is called an octet. With it, you could—in theory—have 0.0.0.0 to 255.255.255.255 out there.However, this limited the world to a possible 4 billion IP addresses, which isn't enough.Even then, ISPs approached static addressing conservatively by limiting static addresses to unused IP addresses to facilitate temporary IP, or dynamic IP, addressing to requesting DHCP servers.With the rapidly expanding use of IP-addressable devices, IPv4's limitations became more apparent.