Use a semicolon to join two independent clauses when the second clause restates the first or when the two clauses are of equal emphasis.
Use a semicolon to join two independent clauses when the second clause begins with a conjunctive adverb (however, therefore, moreover, furthermore, thus, meanwhile, nonetheless, otherwise) or a transition (in fact, for example, that is, for instance, in addition, in other words, on the other hand, even so).
Text Examples As shown in the table above, title case is used for the titles of references when they appear in the text of an APA Style paper.
Here are some examples of titles written in title case (of an article and a book, respectively), as they might appear in a sentence in the text of a paper: The article “Psychological Distress, Acculturation, and Mental Health-Seeking Attitudes Among People of African Descent in the United States: A Preliminary Investigation” (Obasi & Leong, 2009) makes an important contribution to the mental health and acculturation literature.
More on Capitalization: Title Case Versus Sentence Case APA Style uses two kinds of capitalization to format reference titles, which are also mentioned in the table above: title case and sentence case.
APA’s title case refers to a capitalization style in which most words are capitalized, and sentence case refers to a capitalization style in which most words are lowercased.The formatting of the titles of sources you use in your paper depends on two factors: (a) the independence of the source (stands alone vs.part of a greater whole) and (b) the location of the title (in the text of the paper vs. The table below provides formatting directions and examples: Stands alone (e.g., book, e-book, report [technical, government, etc.], dissertation, thesis, film, video, television series, podcast, You Tube video, artwork, map, music album, unpublished manuscript) Part of a greater whole (e.g., journal article, book chapter, e-book chapter, newspaper article, magazine article, blog post, television episode, webisode, webpage, tweet, Facebook update, encyclopedia entry, Wikipedia entry, dictionary entry, song) More on Italics Versus Nonitalics As you can see in the table above, the titles of works that stand alone (such as a book or a report) are italicized in both the text and the reference list.Underlining and italics are often used interchangeably.Before word-processing programs were widely available, writers would underline certain words to indicate to publishers to italicize whatever was underlined.They place more emphasis on the enclosed content than commas.Use parentheses to set off nonessential material, such as dates, clarifying information, or sources, from a sentence.In contrast, the titles of works that are part of a greater whole (such as an article, which is part of a journal, or a book chapter, which is part of a book) are not italicized in either place, and only in the text are they put inside quotation marks.If you are having difficulty determining whether something stands alone (such as a webpage that may or may not be part of a greater website), choose not to italicize.Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use.Summary: When speaking, we can pause or change the tone of our voices to indicate emphasis.