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But, in the 1950s, with increasing pressure on the United States to stay ahead in the Cold War, homework made a resurgence, and children were encouraged to keep up with their Russian counterparts.By the end of the Cold War in the early 1990s, the consensus in American education was overwhelmingly in favor of issuing homework to students of all grade levels.Stress was especially evident among high school students.
British students get more homework than many other countries in Europe. The main distinction for UK homework is the social gap, with middle-class teenagers getting a disproportionate amount of homework compared to Asia and Europe.
There are homework bans springing up all over the developed world in schools which had been piling on the homework for years , and now they're discovering that less can be more .انا في 37 ، و طفولتي إنتهت في منتصف الثمانينات ، و أنا أنظر إلى أطفال هذه الايام ، و أندهش بالطريقه التي يتسابقون بها حول حل واجبات منزليه أكثر المزيد من الدروس ، و النشاطات الخارجيه ، أكثر مما قد تصورناه في الجيل السابق .
Homework, or a homework assignment, is a set of tasks assigned to students by their teachers to be completed outside the class.
Common homework assignments may include required reading, a writing or typing project, mathematical exercises to be completed, information to be reviewed before a test, or other skills to be practiced. Generally speaking, homework does not improve academic performance among children and may improve academic skills among older students, especially lower-achieving students.
Students in the survey who were ridiculed or punished by parents and peers had a higher incidence of depression symptoms, with 2.2% of students reporting that they "always" had suicidal thoughts, and anxiety was exacerbated by punishments and criticism of students by teachers for both problems with homework as well as forgetting to hand in homework.
A 2007 study of American students by Met Life found that 89% of students felt stressed from homework, with 34% reporting that they "often" or "very often" felt stressed from homework.Students who are assigned homework in middle and high school score somewhat better on standardized tests, but the students who have 60 to 90 minutes of homework a day in middle school or more than two hours in high school score worse.Proponents claim that assigning homework to young children helps them learn good study habits.Galloway, Conner & Pope (2013) surveyed 4,317 high school students from ten high-performing schools, and found that students reported spending more than 3 hours on homework daily.72% of the students reported stress from homework, and 82% reported physical symptoms.In a single study, parents and teachers of middle school students believed that homework improved students' study skills and personal responsibility skills.Leone & Richards (1989) found that students generally had negative emotions when completing homework and reduced engagement compared to other activities.Homework has been identified in numerous studies and articles as a dominant or significant source of stress and anxiety for students.Cheung & Leung-Ngai (1992) surveyed 1,983 students in Hong Kong, and found that homework led not only to added stress and anxiety, but also physical symptoms, such as headaches and stomachaches.Homework also provides an opportunity for parents to participate in their children's education.Homework is designed to reinforce what students have already learned.