Along with the horses, inside the chariot, "a housekeeper stowed some bread and wine aboard and meats too, food fit for the sons of kings"(III: 537-538).
Good hospitality is and was an important part of Greek tradition.
In The Odyssey there are examples of Xenia being followed and violated.
Discussion “The true hero, the true subject, the center of the Iliad is force.” The first sentence of The Iliad thus proclaims Weil's principal thesis with a directness typical of her writing.
Nearly everything that follows is evidence adduced to support the thesis. (Alden 55-56) Similar to “the Iliad”, the Odyssey starts with an trace of the Muse: Sing in me, Muse, and through me tell the storyof that man skilled in all ways of contending,the wanderer, harried for years on end, after he plundered the strongholdof the proud height of Troy.
Its fairyland symbols of universal peril and enchantment contrast with The Iliad's status symbols, the prizes of honour of this world. While, The Iliad was composed around 750 bc, probably the earliest surviving work of Western literature. The main plot, the wrath of Achilles, criss-crosses a number of sub-plots, such as the tragedy of Troy, and the quarrels and peace of the gods.
The theme of heroism versus love is thereby extended beyond the context of Achilles' career, permitting the varieties of love to be set forth and exemplified, the quest for value to be located politically, and human aspirations glimpsed in the light of what heaven encourages, permits, and disallows.
The first example of gift giving is when Telemachus reaches the palace of King Nestor.
When the son of Odysseus arrived to Nestor's kingdom he was given a royal treatment.
Hospitality is a way of life in a wide variety of cultures.
The ways the people in different cultures act towards their guests may differ.