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The conclusions from paper I inform the conceptualization of the linkages between wellbeing and mobility in the empirical part of the thesis (paper II, III, 9 and IV).In this part, wellbeing is defined in terms of needs fulfilment.The extent to which people experience that their needs for out-of-home activities are not being met is also associated with the level of actual out-of-home activity participation, which is shaped by an individual’s opportunities for mobility in important ways, and outlook on life (overall life satisfaction).
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=0) ) //If no content in either strings else if( (doc Type == "other" || doc Type==null) && doc Type2==0 ) else var ga Value = this.href; var file Type = null; if( ga Value.index Of('is Allowed=y') It is widely believed within and beyond academia that mobility is closely interlinked with freedom, independence and wellbeing.
While the analysis in paper II is based on results from four focus groups of women aged 67 to 89 living in Oslo, Norway’s capital, the studies reported in paper III and IV are based on a national representative survey among 4723 people in Norway age 67 and older.
The results from the qualitative and quantitative examinations can be summarized as follows: Opportunities for mobility, defined as the interplay between individual resources and abilities and contextual conditions for mobility, can to some extent explain variations in needs fulfilment.
When it comes to desires and preferences, older people are just as different as the rest of the population.
Therefore, the extent to which older persons will experience their needs being met through out-of-home activity participation will vary.These were critically examined and positioned within different conceptualizations of wellbeing.One conclusion from the examination of these studies is that although they all show that potential and/or actual movement contribute to wellbeing in later life, what wellbeing is and means is often not problematized.Moreover, even though some of the reviewed studies touched upon eudaimonic elements, most can be allocated to the hedonic stance.And most can be allocated to the moderately universalist tradition.- Preferences are not invariant, they change and shift over time, in relation to both context and perceived level of resources that can be mobilized to enact certain behaviours.- Although constraints can account for most of the variations in needs fulfilment, in addition to preferences for out-of-home activity participation, age alone has a significant effect on the extent of outof-home activity participation, suggesting that some older people see withdrawal from social activity and participation as a natural part of ageing.Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, [Submitted]. Transport, unmet activity needs and wellbeing in later life – exploring the links. The demographics and implications of the growth of the world's population of older people have been well publicised.Within this framework, mobility in old age is understood as the result of ‘opportunities for mobility’ – defined as the interplay between an individual’s resources and abilities and the contextual conditions for mobility – and his or her individual desires and preferences for mobility.A mixed methods approach was used to explore potential explanations for needs fulfilment, as mediated through mobility and to explore how opportunities for mobility, mobility and needs fulfilment is shaped and mediated in old age.