Substance Dualism Essays

Substance Dualism Essays-64
This is a physical gland in the brain which he argues is indivisible unlike the rest of the body as indicated by the senses which come in pairs.The pineal gland is capable of single thought and so he concludes this is the link between the body and mind. Firstly he is still using a physical thing to explain the link between the mental or incorporeal and the body/corporeal.He suggested that he may be being deceived by an evil deceiver but stressed that he had the concept of God as a supremely perfect being implanted in his mind.

This is a physical gland in the brain which he argues is indivisible unlike the rest of the body as indicated by the senses which come in pairs.The pineal gland is capable of single thought and so he concludes this is the link between the body and mind. Firstly he is still using a physical thing to explain the link between the mental or incorporeal and the body/corporeal.He suggested that he may be being deceived by an evil deceiver but stressed that he had the concept of God as a supremely perfect being implanted in his mind.

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Descartes believed that the mind and body were two distinct substances: one of extension and divisibility, the other non-corporeal and indivisible.

The issue surrounds how the two substances could be seen to interact.

They both argue that the substance dualism Descartes outlines is correct.

There is no causal relationship between mind and body for Leibniz and Malebranche as God is responsible for either setting up the two independent realities (Pre-established Harmony) or acting in each individual occasion (Occasionalism).

The logical problem arising from this was his contention that the mind could be separate from the body.

He employed the method of doubting but did not believe that he could deny his mind because he was thinking (cogito ergo sum – “I think, therefore I am”).

The body was matter and all matter was simply extension, inertia moved by other things or describable in terms of space, depth, distance or length.

This res extensa required something else to move it.

The specification does mention ‘other concepts of the body/soul distinction;’ and this is where Descartes would be relevant along with ‘questions surrounding the nature of disembodied existence;’. When assessing Descartes’ view of the soul there are a number of issues which need addressing.

The first is the logical problems which arise from his original thoughts, the second the problem of interactionism, and the third is the problem of Descartes’ grammar which all go towards demonstrating that a Cartesian view of the soul is philosophically weak. Descartes was a substance dualist and a product of the renaissance.

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