Publishing simply means to print for or otherwise issue the writing to the public, which in this case, will likely be your teacher and/or fellow classmates.
Basically, if you are in school, the published copy is the one you turn in for your final grade.
Use search engines to discover reliable experts in your topic's field.
Noting this background information about your sources lets you begin the bibliography, which is the list of your sources.
The very first step is to decide on the topic or subject to investigate. Again, you can start with a general topic, but before you begin to research, a more precise direction is needed.
Communication, immigration, and terrorism are some examples of general topics you can choose to research. The research question will give you that direction.
However, keep in mind that in the next step, you'll have to narrow any one of those larger subjects down into a specific research question. Here are some sample research questions for each general topic already mentioned.
At this point, you also want to determine the purpose, or the reason for writing. Each of these questions seeks a very specific type of information for each topic.
Remember, it's easier to cut out details than to return to the research stage to find new information. An outline is a general plan for the order of the research paper.
We all know a paper should have an introduction, body, and conclusion, but a proper outline goes a step further.