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Biologists on the hand perceive deviant behaviors to be caused by personality, genetic, and other biological abnormalities.The theories of stratification have been employed to explain why there exist inequalities in the society.These tendencies are beyond people’s capability to control and are often the cause of deviant behaviors.
The biological and physical explanation of deviance distinguishes deviant behavior as being caused by forces beyond the control or even the awareness of the individual perceived as deviant.
In Clinard and Meier’s example, the biologists argue that genetic predispositions often create inborn tendencies to commit deviant acts in individuals.
In respect to poverty and exclusion, these theories, assert that it is necessary for the poor to exist to enable the society to function properly.
Conclusion In conclusion, sociologist explains deviant behavior as the result of an interaction with the wrong environment or as a result of unfavorable economic, social, and political conditions.
Postmodernism stratification theory on the other hand explains that structures such as gender, ethnicity, and class have declined in importance.
Unlike the other theories which emphasizes on the relations of production, this theory perceives the relations of consumption as more important.An example is in the case of Asian marriages where distant relatives can marry each other.This practice in the African culture will be perceived as deviant, where as in Asia it is acceptable.The theories that have been developed to explain deviance include; the sociological, biological and physical explanation theories of deviant behaviors.Clinard and Meier (74), outline the sociological theories of explaining deviance as; the Anomie, Conflict, Labeling, Control, and the Learning or Socialization theories.The first, crime is the violation of formally enacted laws and is referred to as formal deviance.Examples of formal deviance would include: robbery, theft, rape, murder, and assault, just to name a few.The New Right stratification theory is more similar to the functionalism theory and assumes that stratification and inequality are the end-products of a meritocratic society properly functioning.According Clinard and Meier (96), this theory brings out another category of people, the underclass, who are dependent on the welfare payments.This theory asserts that stratification leads to capitalism, and class polarization and eventually the development of a revolutionary working class.The Weberianism theory of stratification on the hand perceives stratification as being caused by a combination of many factors like, class, status, power, and party, and not on economic position as earlier assumed.