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Get to the point quickly and always use the past tense because you are reporting on a study that has been completed.
Abstracts should be formatted as a single paragraph in a block format and with no paragraph indentations.
Then ask yourself: if your abstract was the only part of the paper you could access, would you be happy with the amount of information presented there? If the answer is "no" then the abstract likely needs to be revised.
A critical abstract provides, in addition to describing main findings and information, a judgment or comment about the study’s validity, reliability, or completeness.
The length varies according to discipline, but an informative abstract is usually no more than 300 words in length.
A highlight abstract is specifically written to attract the reader’s attention to the study.
The abstract allows you to elaborate upon each major aspect of the paper and helps readers decide whether they want to read the rest of the paper.
Therefore, enough key information [e.g., summary results, observations, trends, etc.] must be included to make the abstract useful to someone who may want to examine your work.