There are some notable cases of states that might aspire to compete with the Federal Republic for this status.
For example, on the hopes of many of Israel's founders to establish a “normal nation,” see , esp.
For just such an about-face, see the very similar reflections by Green Party leader Joschka Fischer, “Für neue Abenteuer fehlt hoffentlich die Mehrheit,” Notably, Habermas also shows himself to be a supporter, albeit a cautious one, of the 1991 Gulf War against Iraq, at the time a divisive subject among the German left. Based upon the surprising, mid-1990s electoral successes in the east of the Party of Democratic Socialism, the successor to the former East German regime, one might only object that he should not have underestimated the ability of the “old Communists” to harness this authenticity..
In Habermas's view, the war was legitimate both because it was a war against tyranny and because the West's decision to conduct the campaign under the umbrella of the United Nations approximated a Kantian vision of a “cosmopolitan state” (pp.
See, for example, the records of Kohl's and others' private conversations in the 1980s with the former GDR leader (December 1,1994).
The latter article seems particularly indicative of Garton Ash's fondness for the role of great leaders in history.
Habermas's “first big lie” is the notion that “we are all democrats,” which he attributes to the period of Adenauer's chancellorship.
For the original article from which this section of To promote rapid unification, the Kohl government chose to follow Article 23 of Germany's Basic Law, which provided for the nearly automatic admission of the constituent parts of the former GDR to the Federal Republic.
Among notable examples, see Gordon Craig, “United We Fall,” On this subject, see Barry Eichengreen and Fabio Ghironi, “European Monetary Unification: The Challenges Ahead” (Paper presented at the American Institute for Contemporary German Studies, Washington, D.
C., May 18,1995); and for an excellent historical perspective, see The concept refers to an illusion that both states and individuals maintain as a way of rationalizing their actions.