Trafficking in humans is generally a clandestine crime that tends to remain hidden from police authorities.
Though the above examples mainly demonstrate early instances of labor trafficking, sex trafficking also has an extensive history.
Scully (2001) states that the history of human trafficking, particularly sex trafficking, can be divided into three distinct time periods: (1) the 1840s to the early 1890s, (2) the late 1890s to World War I, and (3) 1919 through World War II.
In contrast, labor trafficking is the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for labor services, through the use of force, fraud, or coercion, for the purpose of subjection to involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondage, or slavery (U. In simple terms, human trafficking is the sale and enslavement of human beings where, after being bought and sold multiple times, they are forced to labor against their will. Department of State (2008) estimates that 600,000 to 800,000 people are trafficked into the United States annually.
Globally, 4 million people are believed to be victims of this crime each year (Farr, 2005). The size and scope of this worldwide concern is difficult to truly estimate.
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During the first time period, the demand for indentured servitude around the world coupled with the mobilization and migration of non-Western males fueled the trafficking of humans.
Places such as India, Burma, and Ceylon (present-day Sri Lanka, an island to the southeast of India) needed indentured slaves to help extract gold and diamonds from mines and for construction projects like railroads, while places such as Hong Kong, Singapore, and the cities of Shanghai and New Delhi became popular destinations for indigenous as well as foreign businessmen pursuing commercial endeavors.
Although not yielding large profits, the sale of slaves was an established business, since they were so desperately needed for the economic subsistence of the South.
Slaves were considered an inexpensive and dependable source of labor, albeit a forced and exploitative one.