Research Paper On Schizophrenia

Research Paper On Schizophrenia-6
People with schizophrenia may display hostility or aggression.

People with schizophrenia may display hostility or aggression.

In previous versions of the DSM, schizophrenia was categorized into the following sub-types: paranoid, disorganized, catatonic, undifferentiated, and residual types.

In the DSM-5, schizophrenia is instead evaluated based on severity.

Schizophrenia takes an enormous toll on afflicted families.

Many people with schizophrenia have difficulty maintaining a job or living independently, though it is important to recognize that treatment, especially at the onset of symptoms, allows individuals with a diagnosis of schizophrenia to lead meaningful, productive lives.

The symptoms of schizophrenia are classified by the DSM-5 as positive and negative, each of which includes a suite of behaviors.

There may also be cognitive symptoms, which are harder to detect because functioning is already impaired.Positive Symptoms Positive symptoms refer to the presence of psychotic behaviors not seen in healthy people.People with positive symptoms often "lose touch" with reality.Women are more likely to be diagnosed between ages 25 and 30, and again after age 45.In women with late onset, hormonal changes associated with perimenopause or menopause are thought to be a contributing factor but the mechanism is unclear and has been a source of debate within the field of psychiatry.Individuals afflicted with this thought disorder experience hallucinations, disorganized thinking, and are prone to false and paranoid beliefs.These and other symptoms often render the individual fearful, withdrawn, or difficult to interact with.These symptoms include the following: People with negative symptoms need help with everyday tasks. This may make them seem lazy or unwilling to help themselves, but the problems are symptoms caused by the disorder.Cognitive Symptoms Cognitive deficits are commonly present in people with schizophrenia, but they may be difficult to recognize as part of the disorder.Often, they are detected only when other tests are performed.Cognitive symptoms include the following: Cognitive symptoms often make it hard to lead a normal life and earn a living. Additionally, the people around an individual with schizophrenia may not realize cognitive deficits are present, so they become easily frustrated when the individual is increasingly confused or forgetful.

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