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"Optimizing the sensory characteristics and acceptance of canned cat food: use of a human taste panel" describes the bizarre methodology for human tasters to "profile the flavour and texture of a range of cat food products" – including evaluating "meat chunk and gravy/gel constituents." The impact of this on the number of job applications to the beer- and chocolate-tasting industries remains to be seen.While "cat food taster" is unlikely to appear on anybody's dream job list, at least that profession is unencumbered by the daily risk of serious injury.These important questions were answered in 2009 by a team of researchers from the University of Bern with their seminal paper, "Are full or empty beer bottles sturdier and does their fracture-threshold suffice to break the human skull? Stephan Bolliger and his colleagues tested the breaking energy of full and empty beer bottles using a drop tower. The titles of scientific research papers can sometimes be fairly impenetrable to the layman; other times they may take a more direct approach.
And with such a significant amount of time and effort being invested, it's important that study topics are chosen wisely.
thesis will be their magnum opus – the zenith of their academic achievement.
Schwab's paper details the raft of physiological traits that woodpeckers have developed to avoid brain damage and bleeding or detached eyes when hammering their beaks into trees at up to 20 times a second, 12,000 times a day. poet and author Phyllis Mc Ginley at least, is what "makes nations great and marriages happy." It's also the backbone of the booty call, if research published in 2009 is anything to go by.
In addition to a very broad but surprisingly squishy skull and sturdy jaw muscles, the woodpecker has a "relatively small" brain – which probably explains a lot. Appearing in , "The âbooty call': a compromise between men's and women's ideal mating strategies," was written by researchers from the department of psychology at New Mexico State University.
The study analyzed the booty-calling behavior of 61 students from the University of Texas at Austin.
What's more, it confirmed its central thesis that "the booty call may represent a compromise between the short-term sexual nature of men's ideal relationships and the long-term commitment ideally favored by women." Lead researcher Dr. Jonason, now working at the University of Western Sydney, shared follow-up papers in 20, for The mosquito is a formidable and destructive pest.Crucially, the research also showed that these mosquitoes can be attracted to Limburger cheese, a stinky fromage that shares many characteristics with the whiff of human feet, offering potential use as a synthetic bait for traps.Interestingly, Knols is one of the few people to have won an Ig Nobel (for entomology in 2006) and a Nobel Peace Prize (shared in 2005 as part of the International Atomic Energy Agency). To examine this, researchers from the department of psychology at Illinois State University enlisted the help of 23 blindfolded volunteers, recording their perceptions of the weight of either a pound of lead or a pound of feathers contained within boxes of precisely the same shape and size.Sword swallowing, on the other hand, though occupying a similar position on the league table of tastiness, is a rather more hazardous occupation.In order to establish just how hazardous, radiologist Brian Witcombe and world champion sword swallower Dan Meyer analyzed the "technique and complications" of 46 members of the Sword Swallowers' Association International.The paper's authors, Victor Benno Meyer-Rochow of the then International University Bremen (now Jacobs University Bremen) and EÃ¶tvÃ¶s LorÃ¡nd University's Jozsef Gal, decided to address the question of how much internal pressure penguins generate for poop-firing purposes.With knowledge of just a few parameters – including the thickness of and distance covered by the fecal matter – the researchers were able to calculate that the birds employed pressures of up to 60 k Pa (kilopascal) to eject their bodily waste.Apart from the obvious "significant cooling effect of wet underwear on thermoregulatory responses and thermal comfort," the research also discovered that the thickness of the underwear exerted a greater effect on these factors than the material used to make the garment. In much the same way that we'd presume dragons don't get sore throats, it would be a reasonable assumption that woodpeckers don't suffer from headaches – but assumptions are a poor substitute for the authoritative grip of scientific fact.Published in 2002 in the , "Cure for a headache" came courtesy of Ivan Schwab, an ophthalmologist at the University of California, Davis.Published in 2009 in the , their research, "Sword swallowing and its side effects," found that performers had a heightened chance of injury when "distracted or adding embellishments" – as in the case of one unfortunate swallower who lacerated his throat after being disturbed by a "misbehaving macaw on his shoulder." In 2007 Witcombe and Meyer together received the Ig Nobel Prize in medicine in view of the pair's "penetrating medical report."Common weekend warrior tales would suggest that a beer bottle makes a good weapon in the event of a bar brawl.But would a full or an empty bottle inflict the most damage, and would that damage include fracturing a human skull? picked up a 2009 Ig Nobel Prize in the "Peace" category.