See Glossary of Commonly Used Terms in Research Ethics.
There are several reasons why it is important to adhere to ethical norms in research.
Most people learn ethical norms at home, at school, in church, or in other social settings.
Although most people acquire their sense of right and wrong during childhood, moral development occurs throughout life and human beings pass through different stages of growth as they mature.
Fourth, ethical norms in research also help to build public support for research.
People are more likely to fund a research project if they can trust the quality and integrity of research.
While an economist might examine the cost and benefits of various policies related to global warming, an environmental ethicist could examine the ethical values and principles at stake.
Many different disciplines, , and professions have standards for behavior that suit their particular aims and goals.
Finally, many of the norms of research promote a variety of other important moral and social values, such as social responsibility, human rights, animal welfare, compliance with the law, and public health and safety.
Ethical lapses in research can significantly harm human and animal subjects, students, and the public.