Put short titles of books in italics and short titles of articles in quotation marks.Lightenor has argued that computers are not useful tools for small children ("Too Soon" 38), though he has acknowledged elsewhere that early exposure to computer games does lead to better small motor skill development in a child's second and third year ("Hand-Eye Development" 17).The author's name may appear either in the sentence itself or in parentheses following the quotation or paraphrase, but the page number(s) should always appear in the parentheses, not in the text of your sentence.Tags: Topics To Do A Research Paper OnHomework Help LibraryProblem Solving In DecimalsNarrative Essay On HalloweenHero Essay LessonResearch Paper Working WomenBook Report Recipe ProjectHand Writing Paper
Use direct quotations only when the information is so well presented (or in the interest of clarity, emphasis, or accuracy), that you think the exact language of the source should be used.
Remember that when you do choose to use direct quotations, you need to retain the exact wording, spelling, and punctuation of the original source.
(Parentheses indicate that the added information is part of the direct quotation itself and not your own.) For example: "He [William Dean Howells] was 'fierce to shut out' of his study the voices and faces of his family in 'pursuit of the end' which he 'sought gropingly, blindly and with very little hope but with an intense ambition, and a courage that gave way under no burden, before no obstacles'" (Kirk and Kirk xxxvi).
[MLA format] (In this case, the writer provides a brief comment on the information to let the reader know that two major critics of Crane agree.) If you decide to use a quotation that is longer than four lines, it is not put in quotation marks but rather indented from the left.
Once again remember that you will need to document or show the source of the quotations you use, so make sure that you have recorded all necessary information about the source.
If you need to quote something that already includes a quotation in it, then place the regular "double" quotation marks at the beginning and the end of the complete quotation, and use special "single" quotation marks for the quote within the quote.Remember, this is a rhetorical choice, based on audience.If you're writing for an expert audience of a scholarly journal, for example, they'll have different expectations of what constitutes common knowledge.MLA format follows the author-page method of in-text citation.This means that the author's last name and the page number(s) from which the quotation or paraphrase is taken must appear in the text, and a complete reference should appear on your Works Cited page.If your computer or typewriter does not have square bracket keys, then draw the brackets in.You can NOT substitute parentheses for brackets, since they carry a different meaning.And remember, too, that just like when using a direct quotation, you must cite your source when summarizing or paraphrasing.Yes, you can leave out words you deem unnecessary in a quotation, but you can't take out words that will change its meaning.For instance, if two or more authors have the same last name, provide both authors' first initials (or even the authors' full name if different authors share initials) in your citation.For example: If you cite more than one work by a particular author, include a shortened title for the particular work from which you are quoting to distinguish it from the others.