The puppeteers perform dressed in black against a black background, with the background and puppeteer's costume normally made of black velvet.
The puppeteers manipulate the puppets under the light, while they position themselves unseen against the black unlit background. The original concept of this form of puppetry can be traced to Bunraku puppetry.
Bunraku puppets are a type of wood-carved puppet originally made to stand out through torch illumination.
This is unwarranted because research on puppet theatre is vital to exploring key theatricalparameters.
Probably contemporaneous with the beginnings of theatre, puppets unclose essential qualitiesof theatre not least because of their semiophoric significance, i.e "the relationship between the materialand the immaterial in the theatrical event, both in terms of the action on stage as well as in their Geneticand Paratheatrical components".1 In a city like Salzburg, a salient site for puppet theatre, given its traditionof the 'Salzburg Hanswurst' back to the late seventeenth century and its internationally acclaimed stringpuppetopera productions of the Salzburg Marionette Theatre, in 2016 included in the UNESCO list of Intangible Cultural Heritage, this conference aims to chart the status quo of research on puppet theatreand foster interdisciplinary engagement with puppets in World Theatre.