Failure to consistently comply with these standards could see your work being marked down.
All quotations, direct and indirect references, and cited examples need to be clearly marked up in footnotes on each page (not end notes), with enough information to allow your reader to refer to the same sources as you.
You may choose to separate the cases by jurisdiction.
The bibliography should include all secondary sources cited in the work in alphabetical order.
Before examples are given, some general rules should be mentioned: When referencing an identical authority to one already referenced you may briefly identify the sources and provide a cross-citation in brackets directing the reader to the number of the corresponding footnote.
In the example below, the citation was used in the 4th footnote, therefore the subsequent citation directs the reader to that footnote.
It may be quite different to any referencing style you have used before, however the OSCOLA Quick Guide will help you by providing examples and advice on how to use OSCOLA in your work.
Use the guides below to help you format your references correctly in the OSCOLA style.
OSCOLA (Oxford Standard for the Citation of Legal Authorities) is the style used by the Law School at the University of Liverpool.
OSCOLA is minimal style and uses very little punctuation.