Northwestern Doctoral Thesis

Northwestern Doctoral Thesis-38
To gather the perspectives of scientists on this topic, interviews were conducted with sixteen Northwestern University scientists who have used animals in their research.After presenting various moral frameworks within which one can reason about animal ethics, comments from the interviews were then compared with philosophical arguments made by certain ethicists.I content analyzed congressional hearings from the 1970s to the late 2000s on the topic of direct-to-consumer advertising (DTCA), to examine how each of these parties exerted their credibility in the political arena.

To gather the perspectives of scientists on this topic, interviews were conducted with sixteen Northwestern University scientists who have used animals in their research.

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ANNA CASSELL “‘Something is Really Wrong’: Evaluating Concussions and Early Retirement in Women’s Collegiate Soccer” Faculty Adviser: Mark Sheldon, Philosophy and Helen Schwartzman, Anthropology Abstract: The topic of concussions has captured the attention of the American public.

While most of the media discourse on concussions focuses on football, it is not the only major sport where concussions are both common and their effects devastating; women’s soccer is another sport in which concussions have become an increasingly problematic health concern.

"Race, Health, and Disability Identity: Using Photovoice to explore the health of Asian American adults with visually identifiable disabilities" By Emily Gao Faculty Adviser: Kearsley Stewart (Anthropology) Abstract: Although Asian Americans are the fastest growing racial group in the United States, this population has been one of the most poorly understood minorities in terms of qualitative health research—this is in part due to the influence of the 'model minority myth,' which suggests that Asian Americans' health does not need additional attention (Kwan and Au, 2010).

This article describes a research project that implemented the Photovoice method to examine the lives of four Asian American adults living with visually identifiable disabilities.

Along with this shift, there was a consistent discussion of what was in the best interest of the patient.

This best interest was hedged on the availability of information/knowledge, good science, physicians’ objectivity, and cost, yet participants turned to these tropes differentially.I argue that the central event driving the emergence of a consensus was the 1999 publication of a book called by British journalist Edward Hooper, which argued that HIV was initially introduced to humans through oral polio vaccination campaigns in the Belgian Congo in the late 1950s.By showing how the scientific consensus on HIV origins arose as a result of mainstream scientists encountering and attempting to refute Hooper’s claims, I argue for the importance of acknowledging that “social” factors like struggles over credibility are constitutive of, rather than incidental to, scientific practice, and conclude that the scientific “facts of the matter” about the origins of HIV are thus inextricable from the network of human concerns in which they are embedded.All in all, this thesis demonstrates the wide array of views held by scientists on the ethics of using animals in research.CHLOE WOODHOUSE "Evaluating Meaningful Use of Electronic Medical Records: Does EMR Support Doctor-Doctor Communication in Referrals for Surgery?Indeed, countless female soccer players have suffered concussions, and growing number of women have had to leave the sport due to these injuries.Although concussions have become an increasingly common injury, there remains a great deal of uncertainty with regard to their diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis.Their engagements in the DTCA debate revealed an enduring connection between public health, science, and regulation.MARK SPECHT "The Moral Philosophies of Scientists" Faculty Adviser: Mark Sheldon, Philosophy; Medical humanities and bioethics Abstract: The purpose of this study is to understand the views of scientists as they relate to the ethics of using animals in research.One of the most common collaborations between doctors is that of the surgeon and referring physician, who together must assess whether the patient requires surgery and if so what type he/she is best suited for.This paper explores how EMR shapes physician-surgeon communication about and collaboration on patient care.

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