Museum Of Tolerance Essays

Museum Of Tolerance Essays-49
The research presented here is the first large-scale randomized-control trial designed to measure what students learn from school tours of an art museum. In particular, enriching field trips contribute to the development of students into civilized young men and women who possess more knowledge about art, have stronger critical-thinking skills, exhibit increased historical empathy, display higher levels of tolerance, and have a greater taste for consuming art and culture.

The research presented here is the first large-scale randomized-control trial designed to measure what students learn from school tours of an art museum. In particular, enriching field trips contribute to the development of students into civilized young men and women who possess more knowledge about art, have stronger critical-thinking skills, exhibit increased historical empathy, display higher levels of tolerance, and have a greater taste for consuming art and culture.Design of the Study and School Tours The 2011 opening of the Crystal Bridges Museum of American Art in Northwest Arkansas created the opportunity for this study.The student surveys included multiple items assessing knowledge about art as well as measures of critical thinking, historical empathy, tolerance, and sustained interest in visiting art museums.

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In a 2012‒13 survey we conducted of nearly 500 Arkansas teachers, those who had been teaching for at least 15 years were significantly more likely to believe that the primary purpose of a field trip is to provide a learning opportunity, while more junior teachers were more likely to see the primary purpose as “enjoyment.” If schools are de-emphasizing culturally enriching field trips, has anything been lost as a result?

Surprisingly, we have relatively little rigorous evidence about how field trips affect students.

Within each pair, we randomly assigned which applicant would be in the treatment group and receive a tour that semester and which would be in the control group and have its tour deferred.

We administered surveys to 10,912 students and 489 teachers at 123 different schools three weeks, on average, after the treatment group received its tour.

Crystal Bridges is the first major art museum to be built in the United States in the last four decades, with more than 50,000 square feet of gallery space and an endowment in excess of $800 million.

Portions of the museum’s endowment are devoted to covering all of the expenses associated with school tours.An ideal and common matched pair would be adjacent grades in the same school.We then randomly ordered the matched pairs to determine scheduling prioritization.With field trips, public schools viewed themselves as the great equalizer in terms of access to our cultural heritage.Today, culturally enriching field trips are in decline.Finally, we collected a behavioral measure of interest in art consumption by providing all students with a coded coupon good for free family admission to a special exhibit at the museum to see whether the field trip increased the likelihood of students making future visits.All results reported below are derived from regression models that control for student grade level and gender and make comparisons within each matched pair, while taking into account the fact that students in the matched pair of applicant groups are likely to be similar in ways that we are unable to observe.Standard validity tests confirmed that the survey items employed to generate the various scales used as outcomes measured the same underlying constructs. Students received a one-hour tour of the museum in which they typically viewed and discussed five paintings.Some students were free to roam the museum following their formal tour, but the entire experience usually involved less than half a day.Museums across the country report a steep drop in school tours.For example, the Field Museum in Chicago at one time welcomed more than 300,000 students every year. Between 20, Cincinnati arts organizations saw a 30 percent decrease in student attendance.

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