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Mentoring is a reciprocal, long-term relationship with an emotional commitment that exists between a novice (protégé) and experienced (mentor) nurse; mentoring implies a knowledge or competence gradient, in which the teaching-learning process contributes to a sharing of advice or expertise, role development, and formal and informal support to influence the career of the protégé [7, 8, 18–23].
A total of 34 articles describing 30 mentorship programs were identified.
Mentoring models included dyad, peer, group, online, distance, learning partnerships, highly relevant, and constellation mentorship models.
It was conducted through a mailed survey of RNs 55 years or younger currently in practice, education, administration, or research.
Career satisfaction was measured through the use of the newly developed Mariani Nursing Career Satisfaction Scale.
Decreased staff satisfaction accounted for 52% of workforce shortage , and insufficient numbers of faculty and other factors contributed to more than 67,000 qualified applicants being turned away from baccalaureate and graduate nursing programs .
This along with a projected increase in demand for nursing positions calls for the profession to explore strategies to recruit and retain nurses.A shortage in the area of clinical practice affects academia, administration, and research, and a shortage in academia, in turn, affects the clinical practice arena; therefore, these four areas of the profession were studied to determine if mentoring contributed to a greater sense of career satisfaction and intent to stay in the profession.Several factors contribute to the shortage of nurses in the profession.With the anticipated shortage in nursing, it is important to explore factors such as mentoring that may contribute to career satisfaction and intent to stay in the profession.This study explored the effects of mentoring on career satisfaction and intent to stay in nursing, and the relationship between career satisfaction and intent to stay in nursing.Findings revealed no statistically significant effect of mentoring on career satisfaction and intent to stay in nursing.There was a statistically significant relationship between career satisfaction and intent to stay in nursing.This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.Mentoring is important in the career development of novice and experienced nurses.To date, there are no comprehensive syntheses of current mentorship models, objectives, and program components to inform mentorship program development in nursing academia.The purpose of this review is to identify published articles that (1) described models for mentoring programs for academic nurses, and (2) described the objectives and core components of these programs.