Make Abstract Research Papers

There are four main parts in which you need to answer the following questions: 1.What problem did you study and why is it important? When describing your results, strive to focus on the main finding(s) and list no more than two or three points.Be sure to stay within the word limit, which most journals and conferences set for abstracts. Some journals or conferences provide a template that specifies four or five sections, e.g., Background or Aim, Question, Methods, Results, and Conclusions. If not, then the four-part structure provided below will serve as a basic guideline.

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I left the abstract until the last minute and then dashed off a mediocre summary composed of sentences copied from the narrative.

Only much later did I understand that the abstract is one of the most important components of a scientific paper. Well, because it is often the only section of a paper that is read and usually determines whether a reader downloads and reads the rest of the paper.

First, the abstract is the first section that is read by journal editors when deciding whether to send your manuscript for review.

Similarly, once your work is published, it is the first section that is examined by readers; in many cases, it is the only section of the manuscript that they will ever read.

If you’ve never written an abstract before, you may be uncertain about what exactly goes into one.

Essentially, an abstract should reflect all the parts of your paper, but in shortened form.Karen continues to share her insights and offers tutorials in video-making for scientists on her website and You Tube channel.The abstract is perhaps the most important section of your manuscript for several reasons.Writing good abstracts is not an art, but a learned skill. Here is an exercise to help you develop this skill. A strong proponent of science communication, Karen has also produced several peer-reviewed videos that describe her research and why it’s important to society (USGS Multimedia Gallery).She authored the book, The Scientist Videographer, which promotes science communication by teaching scientists and students how to use video to tell their science stories.Here, you want to provide some background to the study, the motivation behind the study, and/or the specific question or hypothesis you addressed. Generally, you want to keep the methods section brief unless it is the focus of the paper. Also, avoid ambiguous or imprecise wording, which is a common mistake found in conference abstracts written before the data have been completely collected or analyzed. In writing this section, however, don’t state sweeping generalizations unsupported by the data or say that insights “will be discussed”.You may be able to set the stage with only one or two sentences, but sometimes it takes a longer description. Next, you want to give an overview of your methods. If your data are incomplete or still being analyzed, you are not ready to present your paper. What did you conclude based on these findings and what are the broader implications? Another important consideration in preparing an abstract is Search Engine Optimization (SEO), which means including search terms people are likely to use when looking for papers on your topic.That was one of my problems when I first began writing technical papers.Like many novices, I treated the abstract as an afterthought.By optimizing your abstract for discovery by search engines, you can raise the ranking of your paper in a search and make it easier for colleagues to find.A final point is that some journals are now encouraging or requiring “enhanced abstracts” such as graphical abstracts or video abstracts.


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