Literature Review On Depression

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More specifically, it states that PSDs are “…impairments of mental functions, activity limitations and participation restrictions that include both the individual’s mental capacities and his or her social interactions (such as in work, family life and leisure activities)” [7].

Moreover, impairments of body functions under central nervous system control such as pain and sexual interest problems are also included as PSDs.

The aim of the present study is to tackle this research gap and discover whether the recent scientific literature actually reports the PSDs and their related variables that are important for depressed patients.

Our objective is to obtain information about whether the latest literature extensively covers the issues that are pointed out as problematic by depressed individuals, or if there are particular areas, which should receive more attention.

There are few existing studies using qualitative research to identify a full list of PSDs which depressed people experience.

Model Essay Composition - Literature Review On Depression

Yet, none of them has applied a comprehensive approach in order to encompass all the psychosocial difficulties from different perspectives. [12], which aimed to develop a specific questionnaire to assess symptoms for adult major depressive patients and to track their functional status.It is considered to be the major cause of years lived with disability (YLD) and by 2020 is expected to be among the two main causes of disability adjusted years (DALYs) together with ischemic heart disease [4].The functional limitations caused by depression are equal to or even sometimes greater than the ones engendered by many other chronic medical conditions [5].A detailed description of the utility of the ICF classification for depression can be found elsewhere [11].Once this comprehensive definition of psychosocial difficulties has been extracted from the literature, it is very important to incorporate the patient perspective in clinical practice and research.The authors have conducted ten focus groups and individual cognitive interviews and identified several general domains containing different concepts.However, this study does not combine the patient perspective with information from the literature. [13] based itself on a three-dimensional design—systematic review of literature, patient focus groups, and an expert panel aimed to identify a core set of activities and participation for individuals with mental disorders.Despite all the knowledge on depression, it is still unclear whether current literature covers all the psychosocial difficulties (PSDs) important for depressed patients.The aim of the present study was to identify the gaps in the recent literature concerning PSDs and their related variables.Such information can throw light on patients’ real needs, can help clinicians determine the areas in depression that are to be improved and investigated further, may help to prevent the onset of disability, and last, but not least, may guide policy makers to design better health policies.Previous scientific literature provides different definitions of psychosocial difficulties in depression but has some limitations: the methods either focus only on specific areas or consider the PSDs as a result of depression.


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