For more information and tips on manuscript writing and journal submissions, check out our Resources page.Subjects: Communication, Databases, Faculty, Fine Arts, General, Government Information, History, Humanities & Social Sciences, Information Literacy, Media, News and Newspapers, Primary Sources, Research, Science & Mathematics Scholarly research is WAY more interesting than most people give credit to.
Note that, if you have specific questions about how to write a research paper, you should always seek advice from your professor before you begin.
Specific requirements stated by your professor will always supersede instructions provided in these general guidelines.
This concluding part of the Introduction should include specific details or the exact question(s) to be answered later in the paper.
At the same time, the introductory statement should not be too broad: note that in the examples above, the Introduction did not begin by talking about agriculture, cancer, or batteries in general, but by mentioning organic matter in soil, the role of bacteria, and lithium ion batteries.
Once the first sentence has introduced the broad field, the next sentence can point to the specific area within that broad field.
As you may have noticed, the papers in the examples mentioned above introduced the subfield by mentioning 1) remission of some types cancer following accidental infection by Streptococcus pyogenes, 2) organic matter in soil as a source of nutrients for plants and of energy for microorganisms, and 3) imaging techniques to visualize the 3-dimensional structure of the materials and components of batteries on nanoscale.If you want others to cite your paper, you should make sure they read it first.Let us assume that the title and the abstract of your paper have convinced your peers that they should see your paper.As you can see in this figure, your introduction should start broadly and narrow until it reaches your hypothesis.The first thing you want to do is to state your area of research and then immediately show what is already known. Start with a strong statement that reflects your research subject area and ask questions or pose statements to frame the problems your study explores.This is what your study will be helping to explain.Therefore, the context you provide in the Introduction must first show that there is a knowledge gap and identify where it is, explain why it needs to be filled, and then briefly summarize how this study intends to fill that gap and why.You can do this by describing the research problem you considered or the research question you asked (in the main body of the paper, you will offer the solution to the problem or the answer to the question) and by briefly reviewing any other solutions or approaches that have been tried in the past.Now that you have given the background and set the context, the last part of the Introduction should specify the objectives of the experiment or analysis of the study described in the paper.The introduction consists of background information about the topic being studied; the rationale for undertaking this study (for “filling a gap” with this particular information); key references (to preliminary work or closely related papers appearing elsewhere); a clarification of important terms, definitions, or abbreviations to be used in the paper; and a review of related studies in which you give a brief but incisive analysis of work that heavily concerns your study.It could be a very similar study or one that supports the findings of your study.