He was the fourth of five children of Count Nikolai Ilyich Tolstoy (1794–1837), a veteran of the Patriotic War of 1812, and Countess Mariya Tolstaya (née Volkonskaya; 1790–1830).After his mother died when he was two and his father when he was nine, In 1851, after running up heavy gambling debts, he went with his older brother to the Caucasus and joined the army.Tags: 90 Day Business Plan For InterviewKant Essays OnlineGeography Gcse Coursework Mark SchemeLegalization Of Marijuana EssayEssay About My TownNgo Business Plan TemplateMedical Controversial Topics For Research PaperInternet Search Essay
Tolstoy described the school's principles in his 1862 essay "The School at Yasnaya Polyana". Neill's Summerhill School, the school at Yasnaya Polyana On 23 September 1862, Tolstoy married Sophia Andreevna Behrs, who was sixteen years his junior and the daughter of a court physician.
Tolstoy's educational experiments were short-lived, partly due to harassment by the Tsarist secret police. She was called Sonya, the Russian diminutive of Sofia, by her family and friends.
Among them are Swedish jazz singer Viktoria Tolstoy and the Swedish landowner Christopher Paus, whose family owns the major estate Herresta outside Stockholm.
Ilya Tolstoy's great-grandson, Pyotr Tolstoy, is a well-known Russian journalist and TV presenter as well as a State Duma deputy since 2016.
Tolstoy served as a young artillery officer during the Crimean War and was in Sevastopol during the 11-month-long siege of Sevastopol in 1854–55, His conversion from a dissolute and privileged society author to the non-violent and spiritual anarchist of his latter days was brought about by his experience in the army as well as two trips around Europe in 18–61.
Others who followed the same path were Alexander Herzen, Mikhail Bakunin and Peter Kropotkin.His literal interpretation of the ethical teachings of Jesus, centering on the Sermon on the Mount, caused him to become a fervent Christian anarchist and pacifist.The Tolstoys were a well-known family of old Russian nobility who traced their ancestry to a mythical nobleman named Indris described by Pyotr Tolstoy as arriving "from Nemec, from the lands of Caesar" to Chernigov in 1353 along with his two sons Litvinos (or Litvonis) and Zimonten (or Zigmont) and a druzhina of 3000 people. He received multiple nominations for Nobel Prize in Literature every year from 1902 to 1906, and nominations for Nobel Peace Prize in 1901, 19, and his miss of the prize is a major Nobel prize controversy. 7 November] 1910), usually referred to in English as Leo Tolstoy, was a Russian writer who is regarded as one of the greatest authors of all time.During his 1857 visit, Tolstoy witnessed a public execution in Paris, a traumatic experience that would mark the rest of his life.Writing in a letter to his friend Vasily Botkin: "The truth is that the State is a conspiracy designed not only to exploit, but above all to corrupt its citizens ...This saw him seeking to reject his inherited and earned wealth, including the renunciation of the copyrights on his earlier works.Some of the members of the Tolstoy family left Russia in the aftermath of the 1905 Russian Revolution and the subsequent establishment of the Soviet Union, and many of Leo Tolstoy's relatives and descendants today live in Sweden, Germany, the United Kingdom, France and the United States.Henceforth, I shall never serve any government anywhere." His European trip in 1860–61 shaped both his political and literary development when he met Victor Hugo, whose literary talents Tolstoy praised after reading Hugo's newly finished Les Misérables.The similar evocation of battle scenes in Hugo's novel and Tolstoy's War and Peace indicates this influence.