Some good ideas for making your introduction strong include: Your introduction is the reader’s ‘door’ into your thesis or dissertation.
It therefore needs to make sense to the non-expert.
A failure to do so means that the reader is left confused.
Unless you are explicitly avoiding a standalone literature review chapter, the introduction is not the place to review the literature.
Sure, you will need to situate your study in a body of literature, but the introduction isn't the place to critically discuss it or justify its inclusion in that literature.
It's enough to say that you will contribute to X body of literature and briefly discuss its core features and shortcomings.The introduction needs to set the scene for the later work and give a broad idea of the arguments and/or research that preceded yours.It should give some idea of why you chose to study this area, giving a flavour of the literature, and what you hoped to find out.Remember, whenever you actually write it, that, for the reader, the introduction is the start of the journey through your work.Although you can give a flavour of the outcomes of your research, you should not include any detailed results or conclusions.Your introduction should contain a clear statement of the research question and the aims of the research (closely related to the question).It should also introduce and briefly review the literature on your topic to show what is already known and explain the theoretical framework.You should write a draft of your introduction very early on, perhaps as early as when you submit your research proposal, to set out a broad outline of your ideas, why you want to study this area, and what you hope to explore and/or establish.You can, and should, update your introduction several times as your ideas develop.What you want to avoid is any unnecessary repetition. You need to present just enough information to contextualise your study and to be able to situate your aims, research questions an argument, but not too much that you end up confusing and bombarding the reader.Keep things simple here; it's fine to overlook some of the more technical detail at this stage.