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They had made lists of problems they wanted to fix called the Cahiers de Doléances.The members of the Third Estate (The commoners) were angry that they were being taxed the most when they were the poorest group of people.On 10 June 1789, they started the National Assembly.
The French Revolution was a revolution in France from 1789 to 1799.
The result of the French Revolution was the end of the monarchy. The revolution ended when Napoleon Bonaparte took power in November 1799. Before 1789, France was ruled by the nobles and the Catholic Church.
Even though the Third Estate had many more members than the other two Estates, each Estate only had one vote in the Estates-General.
The Third Estate thought this could be improved by giving members of the Estates-General a vote each.
The ideas of the Enlightenment were beginning to make the ordinary people want more power.
They could see that the American Revolution had created a country in which the people had power, instead of a king.On 12 July 1790, the Civil Constitution of the Clergy made all clergy employees of the state and made them take an oath to the new constitution.Many clergy, as well as the Pope, Pius VI, did not like these changes.The Assembly began to divide into different political parties.One was made up of those against the revolution, led by the nobleman Jacques Antoine Marie de Cazales and the churchman Jean-Sifrien Maury. A second party was the Royalist democrats (monarchists) which wanted to create a system like the constitutional monarchy of Britain, where the king would still be a part of the government. The third party was the National Party which was centre or centre-left. Under the new government, the Roman Catholic Church would have much less power than they had before.Many members, especially the nobles, wanted a senate or a second upper house.However, more people voted to keep having just one assembly.Many Parisians thought that the King was going to shut down the National Assembly. On 14 July 1789, the people decided to attack the Bastille prison.The Bastille contained weapons, as well as being a symbol of the power of the nobility and the rule of the king.However, when they talked to the other Estates, they could not agree.Since the First and Second Estates would not listen, The Third Estate decided to break away and start their own assembly where every member would get a vote.