"In writing the literature review, the purpose is to convey to the reader what knowledge and ideas have been established on a topic, and what their strengths and weaknesses are.The literature review must be defined by a guiding concept (eg.
Systematic reviews can be accompanied with Meta-analysis which involves statistical analysis of the included studies to increase the power of the results.
Discussion: This section usually interprets the study data based on their weighted significance and the power of the results.
This section requires critical interpretation by the author such that the review adds value to existing literature.
It should bring out ideas/hypotheses that can explain any discrepancies and provide solutions to existing problems.
your research objective, the problem or issue you are discussing, or your argumentative thesis).
It is not just a descriptive list of the material available, or a set of summaries.( Many thanks to Kate Houston and Libbie Blanchard of CQ University Libraries, (Queensland, Australia) whose Lib Guide on the Literature Review served as a framework for this guide.
Once the sample studies have been shortlisted, they are analyzed in detail.
Results: The results section for these studies involves comprehensive data analysis to determine the significance of the study outcomes.
A literature review should begin with a thorough literature search using the main keywords in relevant online databases such as Google Scholar, Pub Med, etc.
Once all the relevant literature has been gathered, it should be organized as follows: A literature review should not be a mere recounting of all the available information.