Research can be described as a method of investigating a chosen area to illicit new information on the topic or to build on previous knowledge.
In nursing research the aim of this research is to provide clients, their carers and their families with the best possible care in all aspects of their treatment to promote wellbeing (Burns and Grove 2001).
The biggest challenge that nurse's face is the ability to determine if the evidence is reliable and critically analyzing the data.
It is common in current nursing research to find quantitative, qualitative or a combination of both methods of research and data.
Quantitative research is most often encountered as part of formal or conclusive research.
Quantitative techniques are part of primary research.
Evidence based practice sets out to integrate the best possible evidence, nursing knowledge and patient views into practice.
It is vital that nursing staff be knowledgeable of the latest findings in nursing research and are able to access and opt for the most suitable evidence to inform and implement into their practice.
Evidence based nursing practice is the process by which nurses are making clinical decisions based on the best available research evidence, clinical expertise and the preference of patients.
To properly carry out evidence based practice, it is necessary to have sufficient published research on the specific topic, the nurse must be able to access and critically analyze research and the nursing practice must allow these changes, based on evidence and research, to be implemented.