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After 1767, he was associated with the Pennsylvania Chronicle, a newspaper that was known for its revolutionary sentiments and criticisms of British policies.He pioneered and was first president of Academy and College of Philadelphia which opened in 1751 and later became the University of Pennsylvania.
Franklin was foundational in defining the American ethos as a marriage of the practical values of thrift, hard work, education, community spirit, self-governing institutions, and opposition to authoritarianism both political and religious, with the scientific and tolerant values of the Enlightenment.
In the words of historian Henry Steele Commager, "In a Franklin could be merged the virtues of Puritanism without its defects, the illumination of the Enlightenment without its heat." He became wealthy publishing this and Poor Richard's Almanack, which he authored under the pseudonym "Richard Saunders".
He was promoted to deputy postmaster-general for the British colonies in 1753, having been Philadelphia postmaster for many years, and this enabled him to set up the first national communications network.
During the revolution, he became the first United States Postmaster General.
– April 17, 1790) was an American polymath and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States.
Franklin was a leading author, printer, political theorist, politician, Freemason, postmaster, scientist, inventor, humorist, civic activist, statesman, and diplomat.When denied the chance to write a letter to the paper for publication, Franklin adopted the pseudonym of "Silence Dogood", a middle-aged widow. Dogood's letters were published, and became a subject of conversation around town.Neither James nor the Courant's readers were aware of the ruse, and James was unhappy with Ben when he discovered the popular correspondent was his younger brother.An accomplished diplomat, he was widely admired among the French as American minister to Paris and was a major figure in the development of positive Franco-American relations.His efforts proved vital for the American Revolution in securing shipments of crucial munitions from France.He was active in community affairs and colonial and state politics, as well as national and international affairs.From 1785 to 1788, he served as governor of Pennsylvania.Benjamin's father and all four of his grandparents were born in England. He married his first wife, Anne Child, in about 1677 in Ecton and immigrated with her to Boston in 1683; they had three children before immigrating, and four after.Following her death, Josiah was married to Abiah Folger on July 9, 1689 in the Old South Meeting House by Samuel Willard.Franklin was an advocate of free speech from an early age.When his brother was jailed for three weeks in 1722 for publishing material unflattering to the governor, young Franklin took over the newspaper and had Mrs.