Though worded in a patronizing way the essence of the descriptions are still valid:  1. The belief that increased output would lead to less workers. Inefficiencies within the management control system such as poorly designed incentive schemes and hourly pay rates not linked to productivity. Poor design of the performance of the work by rule-of-thumb The fear of redundancies within the workforce was a valid argument during the previous style of management. At the same time, he has been credited with destroying the soul of work, of dehumanizing factories, making men into automatons. I'm not sure that management historians will ever agree.
Though worded in a patronizing way the essence of the descriptions are still valid:  1.Tags: Evidentialism Essays In EpistemologyFor And Against Essay Buying OnlineEssay Tsunami Disaster JapanDeserving Of Scholarship EssayHow To Write An Autobiographical Narrative EssayResearch Paper On Advertising
"The knowledge obtained from accurate time study, for example, is a powerful implement, and can be used, in one case to promote harmony between workmen and the management, by gradually educating, training, and leading the workmen into new and better methods of doing the work, or in the other case, it may be used more or less as a club to drive the workmen into doing a larger day's work for approximately the same pay that they received in the past."  Scientific Study and standardization were important parts of the Scientific Management.
One example, was the study undertaken to determine the optimum shovel load for workers.
"And this one best method and best implementation can only be discovered or developed through scientific study and analysis...
This involves the gradual substitution of science for 'rule of thumb' throughout the mechanical arts."  "Scientific management requires first, a careful investigation of each of the many modifications of the same implement, developed under rule of thumb; and second, after time and motion study has been made of the speed attainable with each of these implements, that the good points of several of them shall be unified in a single standard implementation, which will enable the workman to work faster and with greater easy than he could before.
Frederick Winslow Taylor is a controversial figure in management history.
His innovations in industrial engineering, particularly in time and motion studies, paid off in dramatic improvements in productivity.
What follows is a copy of part of a senior essay, written by Vincenzo Sandrone during the course of his studies at the University of Technology in Sydney. The main elements of the Scientific Management are  : "Time studies Functional or specialized supervision Standardization of tools and implements Standardization of work methods Separate Planning function Management by exception principle The use of "slide-rules and similar time-saving devices" Instruction cards for workmen Task allocation and large bonus for successful performance The use of the 'differential rate' Mnemonic systems for classifying products and implements A routing system A modern costing system etc. " Taylor called these elements "merely the elements or details of the mechanisms of management" He saw them as extensions of the four principles of management. 1. Intimate and friendly cooperation between the management and the men.
Taylor warned  of the risks managers make in attempting to make change in what would presently be called, the culture, of the organization.
"When he tells you to pick up a pig and walk, you pick it up and walk, and when he tells you to sit down and rest, you sit down. This study improved the workrate of Schmidt from 12.5 tons to 47.5 tons per day showing the worth of Scientific Management.
The greatest abuse of Scientific Management has come from applying the techniques without the philosophy behind them.