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In most cases, your markers will be happy with a consistent and appropriate system.The Harvard system is also known as author/date, and will be described here in more detail.This may be necessary, for example, if only the first half of your sentence is based on someone else’s work.
(which literally means and others): (Almeder et al., 2001). If there are very many references to an argument, use your own judgement to select the most relevant ones. Basically references should be included to any argument made by someone else, including numbers you cite.
However, statements of general nature need not be attributed to anyone.
Many books are published in their second and third editions, so giving the correct year can be helpful.
Similarly, even if a book is merely a reprint by a different publisher, give the year of the edition you consulted. If it’s just a second print of the exact same book, use the original date.
Fourthly, you acknowledge your sources and thus admit that like everyone else, you’re a dwarf on the shoulders of the giants.
The essential bits of referencing require you to provide enough information to others so that they can identify the source. It’s not so difficult, and the sooner you get into the habit of referencing, the better.
Secondly, you make your essay look more professional.
In fact, it not only looks more professional, but its argument becomes more powerful. This is often only a hypothetical issue, but a look through the list of your references will allow others to judge your argument quickly.
Some styles prefer the word and, others prefer the ampersand (& symbol).
Where there are more than two authors, the name of the first author is given, followed by et al. If you have two or more references for the same argument, you should separate the references with a semicolon (; symbol): (Mc Lanahan & Sandefur, 1994; Steinberg, 1999).