Depending on the context, fraud may subject the liar to civil or criminal penalties.
A half-truth is a deceptive statement that includes some element of truth.
Defamation is the communication of a false statement that harms the reputation of an individual person, business, product, group, government, religion, or nation.
To deflect is to avoid the subject that the lie is about, not giving attention to the lie.
An exaggeration occurs when the most fundamental aspects of a statement are true, but only to a certain degree.
It is also seen as "stretching the truth" or making something appear more powerful, meaningful, or real than it actually is.
in informal speech, such as "He did this like one million times already! A fib is a lie that is easy to forgive due to its subject being a trivial matter; for example, a child may tell a fib by claiming that the family dog broke a household vase, when the child was actually the one who broke it.
Fraud refers to the act of inducing another person or people to believe a lie in order to secure material or financial gain for the liar.
For instance, a gambler who deceives other players into thinking they have different cards to those they really hold, or an athlete who hints they will move left and then dodges right is not considered to be lying (also known as a feint or juke).
In these situations, deception is acceptable and is commonly expected as a tactic.