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Here is a compilation of essays on ‘Factitious Disorders’ for class 11 and 12.Find paragraphs, long and short essays on ‘Factitious Disorders’ especially written for school and college students.
History: The term Munchausen’s syndrome was coined by Asher in 1951.
Other terms that have been applied to such patients have been “Peregrinating problem patients”, “Hospital hobos”, “Hospital addicts”, “Kopenickadus syndrome” and “Ahasuerus syndrome”.
A “pseudodementia” is differentiated from dementia that there are often near-miss, approximate answers rather than gross inability to answer questions correctly.
In a true psychosis such as schizophrenia, the individual’s symptoms will persist but in factitious disorder, they may appear when patient is under the impression that he or she is being watched.
Essay Contents: Factitious disorders are characterized by the conscious, deliberate, and surreptitious feigning of physical or psychological symptoms to simulate disease.
The only goal that is evident in such behaviour is the attainment of the role of the patient; this motivation is contrasted to malingering, in which a clear identifiable role is evident such as money, disability or relief from work.When asked to multiply eight times eight, such a person may answer “sixty five”.This is almost always superimposed on a severe personality disorder.Management: A comprehensive evaluation of family and occupational situations is important.If initial confrontation does not result in denial or flight, a plan of psychotherapy can possibly be instituted and ideally should begin with inpatient psychiatric care.In 2011, the estimated cost of malingering in medicolegal cases totaled .02 billion.David Bienenfeld, MD Professor, Departments of Psychiatry and Geriatric Medicine, Wright State University, Boonshoft School of Medicine David Bienenfeld, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Medical Association, American Psychiatric Association, Association for Academic Psychiatry Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.Any physical or psychiatric illness may be complicated by a superimposed compensation neurosis.Failure to respond to conventional treatments, prolonged hospitalizations complaints out of proportion to documented pathology.Epidemiology: The exact prevalence of this disorder is not known.Onset is usually in early adult life often with a hospitalization for true physical illness.