Essay On History Of Printing

Jensen notes the printing press “had a greater effect over a longer period of time and upon more people Some scholars have pronounced it the single most important development of the Renaissance and perhaps of the entire world” (Jensen 217).Since the 12 century, typographers were skilled in using hand-carved wood block plates to copy manuscripts, but the process was long and served only the intended copy.

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The two-volume book, known as "Jikji," is believed to be the oldest book in the world printed with metal type.

One volume of the work is held at the National Library of France.

A copied manuscript was a work of art that took numerous months to complete.

While a copy of work, handwritten manuscripts were original and unique reproductions.

Private printers in these places used both wood and metal blocks to produce Buddhist and Taoist treatises and histories in the centuries before movable type was invented.

An important advancement to woodblock printing came in the early eleventh century, when a Chinese peasant named Bi Sheng (Pi Sheng) developed the world's first movable type.assisted in advertising and promoting the pamphlet” (Voss 739).The Greek classics were reproduced, once Hellenistic manuscripts were found, and a renewed desire for ‘pre-original sin’ theory flourished.Linen-paper is seen as early as the twelfth century to accommodate the growing universities throughout Europe, and with the inclusion of the printing press man-hours for paper production spiked.This created a demand for workers, paper producers as well as goldsmiths, in need to create many movable type letters for the growing presses throughout Europe.Nearly 600 years before Gutenberg, Chinese monks were setting ink to paper using a method known as block printing, in which wooden blocks are coated with ink and pressed to sheets of paper.One of the earliest surviving books printed in this fashion — an ancient Buddhist text known as "The Diamond Sutra" — was created in 868 during the Tang (T'ang) Dynasty (618-909) in China.Mentally, the printing press brought unlimited possibilities for the human mind to consider.Spiritually, the movement shook the foundation of the Christian church on two fronts: first, allowing the people the ability to own their own bible, and secondly the grander meaning of literature – the breathing room to interpret the scripture for themselves without the aid of a priest.Renaissance man discovered in the classics the importance for humanity and avenues to freely express man’s desires – without the judgment and restrictions of church doctrine (Manchester 105).This, in a sense, permitted man to value the human experience instead of devaluing life in hopes of death as Christian claims insisted that happiness and love were found only in heaven.


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