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The guitars of 1929-1931 were the culmination of the growth and development of the American twelve-fret guitar from the second half of the Nineteenth Century and first couple of decades of the Twentieth, and all of that accumulated artistry and finesse was passed on to the new fourteen-fret guitars.
The early tied-on gut frets were replaced by built-on ivory or metal frets in the 18th century.
The fingerboard was originally flush with and ended at the belly, and several metal or ivory frets were placed directly on the belly.
The 16th-century guitar was tuned C–F–A–D′, the tuning of the centre four courses of the lute and of the From the 16th to the 19th century several changes occurred in the instrument.
A fifth course of strings was added before 1600; by the late 18th century a sixth course was added.
There's a lot of talk about the golden age of guitar making. Of course, I'm coming from the personal perspective of a player who doesn't use picks, sits down while playing, and isn't eight feet tall. Therefore I'm talking about the golden age of normal-sized guitars, not those named after battleships or elephants (wait... Many of these instruments can't be intonated properly for steel strings, since the bridges are too small to take a slanted saddle.
There have been many great monuments to the art of guitar-making before and since, but during those two years qualities came together that made a profound mark on the modern American guitar. Having been meant for gut strings, the small parlor guitars were often built too lightly to withstand a set of light gauge strings, the bridges and fingerboards too delicate for modern setup.In jazz ensembles it is part of the rhythm section and is occasionally played as a solo instrument.In popular music the guitar is usually amplified, and ensembles frequently include more than one instrument, a “lead” guitar for solos, another for rhythm, and a “bass” guitar to play bass lines.Jazz-guitar tablature shows chord symbols on a grid representing strings and frets. It remained an amateur’s instrument from the 17th to early 19th century.A few virtuoso guitarists, however, became known in Europe, among them Gaspar Sanz (flourished 1674), Robert de Visée ( 1650–1725), Fernando Sor (1778–1839), and Joseph Kaspar Mertz (1806–56).In the 19th century the fingerboard was raised slightly above the level of the belly and was extended across it to the edge of the sound hole.In the 19th century the guitar’s body also underwent changes that resulted in increased sonority.Then the flatpick came along, the strings were gigantic, the bodies grew because of all those bass notes the flatpicks were picking.By 1932 the neck shapes starting deepening, the scale length got shorter (on the 000's.) And then, the necks got narrow, both at the nut, to accommodate the swing chords of the era, and the saddle, to accommodate that poor little flatpick, forced to jump around all six strings by itself.Other forms of the guitar include the metal-strung guitar played with a plectrum in folk and popular music; the cello guitar, with a violin-type bridge and tailpiece; the Hawaiian, or steel, guitar, in which the strings are stopped by the pressure of a metal bar, producing a sweet, gliding tone; and the electric guitar, in which the instrument’s sound and tone depend almost entirely on the electronic detection and amplification of its vibrating strings.Guitar music from the 16th to 18th century was notated either in tablature (showing the position of the fingers on the frets and the strings to be plucked) or in a system of alphabetical chord symbols.