COGNITIVE BEHAVIORAL THERAPY FOR DEPRESSION Introduction Cognitive behavioral therapy helps improve people's moods and behavior by changing their way thinking; also, how they interpret events and talk to themselves.This form of psychotherapy helps guide people into thinking more realistically and teaches them coping strategies to deal with their depression.With time, people accept these core values as realities for they govern their life.
“These maladaptive thought patterns are also known as negative or maladaptive schemas, or core beliefs.
Core beliefs are fundamental assumptions people have made that influence how they view the world and themselves.” As people think in a given way for prolonged time, these thoughts become habits and people stop questioning them as they become part of life.
Cognitive therapy also teaches people how certain thinking patterns are causing their symptoms.
This is accomplished by giving people a distorted picture of what's going on in their life and making them feel anxious, depressed or angry for no good reason.(Francis, 2000) When people are in behavior therapy and cognitive therapy, it provides them with various tools for stopping their symptoms and getting their life on a more satisfying track.
CBT owes its roots to Aaron beck and Albert Ellis who designed it in late 1950s.
Nemade, Reiss, and Dombeck note, “Cognitive behavioural therapy is founded on the single basic idea that cognition, in the form of thoughts and preconceived judgments, precedes and determines people’s emotional responses.” Principally, depression results from people viewing situations from a negative point of view and this disposition leads them to act in a particular manner hence their behaviour.
This can be reactions such as fear, rage or depression, and self-defeating or self-damaging behavior.
It also teaches people how to calm their mind and body, so they can feel better, think more clearly, and make better decisions.
CBT utilises the principle that thoughts determine feelings and feelings determine actions .
CBT thus holds that, a situation evokes given thoughts, which in turn arouse given feelings leading to given actions.