To give an idea of the dimensions of the disability-related injustice in Brazil, I will refer here to the most recent national Census and several small-scale studies.The Census in 2010 revealed that there are more than 45 million Brazilians with various impairments, which corresponds to almost 24 percent of the population.
In January 2011, the chief of police of São José dos Campos (100 km from São Paulo) parked his car in a spot reserved for people with impairments.
A lawyer in a wheelchair, who happened to witness the action, publicly rebuked the police official for his action.
In response, the policeman took out his gun, threatened the young man and punched him.
The incident was widely publicized in the media and the chief of police was temporarily relieved of his duties.
It illustrates that people with impairments continue being invisible and violated in Brazilian society, and while some of them rise to struggle against such social attitudes, the power structures in place oppress lives of millions of disabled Brazilians.
According to recent World Health Organization (WHO) reports,1 approximately 15 percent of the world's population, or 1 billion people, live with impairment(s) and the great majority of these individuals reside in developing countries,2 which typically offer little or no support to them.As Maio and Gugel (2009) have noted, Brazil has no official national statistics on violence perpetrated against its disabled citizens.However, information available from prosecutors who defend the rights of the nation's disabled citizens suggest that intellectually impaired individuals are the most vulnerable to violence, whether children or seniors (Maio & Gugel, 2009, p. Several scholars (Williams, 2003; Cavalcante, Marinho, Bastos, Deus, Maimone, Carvalho, Fiaux, and Valdene, 2009; Cavalcante & Minayo, 2009) have conducted small-scale studies in Brazil to obtain a better understanding of the dimensions, causes, prevention and effective responses to violence against disabled people.(2009) and found that violence against disabled people is often linked to their lack of awareness of their rights and avenues of recourse.Marinho (2009) has argued that violence against disabled individuals does not occur solely in poverty-stricken environments, although chronic poverty within the disabled community may be related to social exclusion, anger, violence and domestic maltreatment.Cumulatively, the findings of these studies suggest that violence against disabled Brazilians is a significant problem.In this article, I briefly review the available literature on the subject of violence against disabled people in general and in Brazil in particular.WHO defines health beyond physical and mental well-being, including social well-being (Beisser, 1990, p.179), which introduces new levels of complexity into researching health-related issues.In the post-2015 development agenda, social well-being should have an important place, including the quality of relationships, positive emotions and resilience, the realization of individuals' potential, or their overall satisfaction with life that are meaningful to the public.Third, I describe and evaluate the government's key current strategies aimed at addressing violence against disabled Brazilians.The purpose here is to suggest ways in which violence against disabled Brazilians can be addressed in public policies as a sustainable development issue and thus help close the "gap" between disabled and nondisabled populations to create truly sustainable democratic societies that honor human dignity.