Essay Of The Principle Of Population 1798

Essay Of The Principle Of Population 1798-49
This appointment may have been the first professional post in Economics held by anyone in human history.Other works include An Inquiry into the Nature and Progress of Rent (1815) and Principles of Political Economy (1820).Thomas Malthus was born near Guildford, Surrey, England in 1766 into a well-off family.

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To quote directly from the essay:- "Population, when unchecked, increases in a geometrical ratio.The same evening I did this pretty fully, and on the two succeeding evenings wrote it out carefully in order to send it to Darwin by the next post, which would leave in a day or two.I wrote a letter to him in which I said I hoped the idea would be as new to him as it was to me, and that it would supply the missing factor to explain the origin of the species. And so it was that Wallace sent a memoir about this evolutionary theory to the influential expert naturalist Charles Darwin, arrived in Darwin's hands in June 1858.He was subsequently ordained as an Anglican cleric in 1797 despite having an inconvenient speech impediment.He became curate of the parish of Albury in Surrey in 1798 and held this post for a short time.One day something brought to my recollection Malthus's "Principles of Population", which I had read about twelve years before.I thought of his clear exposition of "the positive checks to increase" - disease, accidents, war, and famine - which keep down the population of savage races to so much lower an average than that of more civilized peoples.Subsistence only increases in an arithmetical ratio.A slight acquaintance with numbers will show the immensity of the first power compared to the second".This suggestion was unmistakably outrageous given the moralities of the times (and would doubtless be most controversial today).The Essay on the Principle of Population and other writings encouraged the first systematic demographic studies and also had a significant influence in several ways:- In Economics David Ricardo's, "iron law of wages" and theory of distribution of wealth contain some elements of Malthus' theory.


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