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Still, the current pool of trainees who benefit from such programs is small compared to the hundreds of thousands graduates each year, leaving most scrambling to catch up. Mohamed, Credential Analyst, WES, Makala Skinner, Research Associate, WES, and Stefan Trines, Research Editor, WENR In what is said to be one of the most ambitious construction projects in history, Egypt is currently building a new capital city that more than five million people will be able to call home.
“National exams in Egypt are based on specific lessons taken from textbooks in the last two years of high school.
SATs, however, test the student’s ability to draw inferences and think critically,” Laila Iskandar, an education consultant, said.
Deviations in exam questions from expected memorized material can ignite panic among students.
In June, local media reported scenes of hysteria as students like Gomaa emerged from exam centers in disbelief.
“For decades now, the student’s way to success has been memorizing material that will ensure passing the exam.
No thinking is required, just commitment to a set of rules,” said Refaat Ibrahim, a high school teacher in Alexandria. Of course they will fail.” The picture does not improve once students get to university, where they face overcrowded lectures, underpaid professors and outdated textbooks.The government admits problems but says it will take time. There are many problems in education and we are putting in place plans to gradually resolve them.But we cannot solve these problems overnight,” Education Minister Ahmed Zaki Badr told a parliament committee, the official news agency reported.High school teaching, based mostly on rote, does not give students practical skills, leaving them unprepared for college and hindering their transition to the workplace.If the Arab world’s most populous country is to extend a run of economic growth, now edging back to 6 percent a year, the roughly 300,000 university graduates churned out annually must be better prepared.Frustrated parents scrimp and save to pay for private tutorials.Teachers, who usually earn no more than 1,600 Egyptian pounds (1) a month, often rely on that extra income.So when they enter the workforce, they don’t have the skills for jobs in banking or technology, the kind of fields where Egypt is seeking to become a regional power center.The United Nations Development Program’s (UNDP) 2010 Human Development Report highlighted the weaknesses in university education, saying more than 40 percent of employers ranked graduates’ ability to apply their knowledge to work as “poor.” The UNDP report said at least 90 percent of Egypt’s unemployed were under 30, saying this was “high by any measure.” Many youth resorted to the informal market indicating the mismatch between education and labor market needs, it added.The government is trying to narrow the gap, including a -12 million program set up by the Information Technology Industry Development Agency (ITIDA) in 2008 to teach university students English, Microsoft software and other skills.The Edu Egypt program trained 3,000 students in its first year, and aims to train 40,000 graduates per year by 2011, according to information from ITIDA, a Communications Ministry body set up to promote and nurture Egypt’s offshoring industry.