Both before and during African enslavement in the Americas, American Indians were forced to labor as slaves and in various other forms of unfree servitude.They worked in mines, on plantations, as apprentices for artisans, and as domestics—just like African slaves and European indentured servants.
Both before and during African enslavement in the Americas, American Indians were forced to labor as slaves and in various other forms of unfree servitude.They worked in mines, on plantations, as apprentices for artisans, and as domestics—just like African slaves and European indentured servants.Tags: Format Of References In Research PapersWww.Assignment.NetResearch Paper Thesis IdeasResearch Paper Format TemplateHunter College Creative WritingEssay On Snow Falling On Cedars
A racist and gross misinterpretation of this event posited that most Indians could not be enslaved because of their love for freedom, while Africans were used to having their labor controlled by “big men” in Africa.
This dangerous view obscured a basic fact of early modern history: Anyone could be enslaved.
Even as late as the early nineteenth century, United States citizens were enslaved in North Africa.
As the pro-slavery ideologue George Fitzhugh noted in his book, (1857), in the history of world slavery, Europeans were commonly the ones held as slaves, and the enslavement of Africans was a relatively new historical development.
Enslavement meant a denial of freedom for the enslaved, but slavery varied greatly from place to place, as did the lives of slaves.
The life of a (slave soldier) of the Ottoman Empire, who enjoyed numerous privileges and benefits, immensely differed from an American Indian who worked in the silver mines of Peru or an African who produced sugar cane in Barbados.
Over a million Europeans were held as slaves from the 1530s through the 1780s in Africa, and hundreds of thousands were kept as slaves by the Ottomans in eastern Europe and Asia.
(John Smith, for instance, had been a slave of the Ottomans before he obtained freedom and helped colonize Virginia.) In 1650, more English were enslaved in Africa than Africans enslaved in English colonies.
Without slavery, slave trading, and other forms of unfree labor, European colonization would have remained extremely limited in the New World.
The Spanish were almost totally dependent on Indian labor in most of their colonies, and even where unfree labor did not predominate, as in the New England colonies, colonial production was geared toward supporting the slave plantation complex of the West Indies.