Emile Durkheim Thesis On Deviance

Durkheim viewed social facts being outside of the individual but yet powerful in shaping the individual. Material social facts visible such as buildings, while nonmaterial social facts difficult to see but as a society we know they exist.The nonmaterial social facts are customs, cultures and norms for any given society (Ritzer, p 188).

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In this sense, the sociopath is a very modern sort of deviant.

Contemporary approaches to psychopathy and sociopathy have focused on biological and genetic causes.

Durkheim presented the concept of Anomie within society, which more than likely experienced within Organic Solidarity.

Organic Solidarity based upon diversity when depressions, economic crisis and personal upheaval are experienced, the individual living in Organic Solidarity may feel there is no one to talk to, and they may feel isolated and in a sense on their own.

Within Organic Solidarity individuals experience a weaker bond within society, they experience a stronger sense of self but lack a connection with others (Palumbo et al, 2005).

The Organic Society is less punitive, seeking restitution from individuals who violate laws or norms (Ritzer, p 196).In turn, this lack of brain activity has been linked with specific genetic markers suggesting that psychopathy or sociopathy was passed down genetically.Fallon’s premise was that psychopathy is genetically determined.In fact, for him, it serves as a synonym for the normal state of society, while absence of it is a deviation from that normal state, or social pathology. His first course of lectures at the University of Bordeaux, read in the years 1887–1888, was not by chance called “Social Solidarity,” while his doctoral thesis (1893) was devoted to the demonstration of the basic role of the division of labor in building, maintaining, and reinforcing social solidarity (Durkheim [1984] 1997).It is true that Durkheim gradually moved away from the word “solidarity,” probably due to its massive use outside social science and the thinker’s unwillingness to become a victim of the idols of the marketplace or those of the theatre.In a much more sophisticated way, this was also the premise of James Fallon (b.1947), a neuroscientist at the University of California.The article was prepared as part of the research project “Social Solidarity as a Condition of Social Transformations: Theoretical Foundations, Russian Peculiarity, Socio-Biological and Socio-Psychological Aspects,” supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (Project 7a)., the figure of the dangerous individual who lives among us provides a fascinating fictional figure.Psychopathy and sociopathy both refer to personality disorders that involve anti-social behaviour, diminished empathy, and lack of inhibitions.In clinical analysis, these analytical categories should be distinguished from psychosis, which is a condition involving a debilitating break with reality.


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