In international development, good governance is a subjective term that describes how public institutions conduct public affairs and manage public resources in the preferred way.
Governance is "the process of decision-making and the process by which decisions are implemented (or not implemented)".
Many research organizations such as SPICE (Stratospheric Particle Injection for Climate Engineering), a geoengineering research project that was formed in the U.
K., was required to go through stages of evaluation before testing could be conducted if they were to be funded by stakeholders.
Since governments carry out with goals like the provision of public goods to its citizens, there is no better way to think about good governance other than through deliverables, which are precisely the one demanded by citizens, like security, health, education, water, the enforcement of contracts, protection to property, protection to the environment and their ability to vote and get paid fair wages.
Similarly, good governance might be approximated with provision of public services in an efficient manner, higher participation given to certain groups in the population like the poor and the minorities, the guarantee that citizens have the opportunity of checks and balances on the government, the establishment and enforcement of norms for the protection of the citizens and their property and the existence of independent judiciary systems.Instead of considering them as equal, many scholars refer to them as features that are likely to be related in different ways.In fact, the importance that authors give to good governance, is due to the impact it may have on development and economic growth.In other words, scholars have been intrigued by the relationship between good governance and economic or political development.Grindle (2007) mentions there are many relations to be found between indicators of good governance and economic growth, however those associations are difficult to measure and even harder to be attributed as causal.The criteria or "stage-gate" that they must pass before performing their experiment included the following; identify safe and principle risks, test must be compliant with relevant regulations, future applications and impacts, and mechanisms put in place to review these in the light of new information, and that the stakeholders must be regarded and taken into account.Before research can be conducted in the field of geoengineering it must be scrutinized using good governance to ensure testing isn't harmful to the environment and to detail all the possible risks that may occur.In the construction of this "simpler" agenda, the idea is to revisit policies that have worked in the past, set priorities in a strategically way, consider policies with greater impact in alleviating poverty and reaching development, and look for innovative ways of implementing such policies.In terms of economic growth, there are several authors relating that variable with good governance, but in the sense of “being related to” instead of “being part of”.Aid organizations and the authorities of developed countries often will focus the meaning of "good governance" to a set of requirements that conform to the organization's agenda, making "good governance" imply many different things in many different contexts.It is important to distinguish good governance from other concepts that look similar, such as development and economic growth.