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Often, documenting how you overcame obstacles can form an interesting part of the methodology. The Structure, Format, Content, and Style of a Journal-Style Scientific Paper. A qualitative approach, such as conducting interviews or content analysis of archival texts, can yield exciting new insights about a research problem, but it should not be undertaken simply because you have a disdain for running a simple regression.It demonstrates to the reader that you can provide a cogent rationale for the decisions you made to minimize the impact of any problems that arose. Institute of Public and International Affairs, University of Utah; Writing the Experimental Report: Methods, Results, and Discussion. A well designed quantitative research study can often be accomplished in very clear and direct ways, whereas, a similar study of a qualitative nature usually requires considerable time to analyze large volumes of data and a tremendous burden to create new paths for analysis where previously no path associated with your research problem had existed.The methods section describes actions to be taken to investigate a research problem and the rationale for the application of specific procedures or techniques used to identify, select, process, and analyze information applied to understanding the problem, thereby, allowing the reader to critically evaluate a study’s overall validity and reliability.
This statement informs the reader that your study was conducted in an ethical and responsible manner.
In some cases, the IRB approval notice is included as an appendix to your paper.
The methodology section of your paper should be thorough but to the point.
Do not provide any background information that does not directly help the reader understand why a particular method was chosen, how the data was gathered or obtained, and how the data was analyzed in relation to the research problem [note: analyzed, not interpreted!
The discussion also includes a thorough review of the literature about methods other scholars have used to study the topic. “What's in a Methodology: The Difference between Method, Methodology, and Theory…and How to Get the Balance Right? Chinese Department, University of Leiden, Netherlands.
Irrespective of the topic of dissertation, every student needs to collect the data. At the step of data collection, every researcher needs to define “how” he is going to collect the data and what method will be followed?For clarity, when a large amount of detail must be presented, information should be presented in sub-sections according to topic.: If you are conducting a qualitative analysis of a research problem, the methodology section generally requires a more elaborate description of the methods used as well as an explanation of the processes applied to gathering and analyzing of data than is generally required for studies using quantitative methods.Because you are the primary instrument for generating the data, the process for collecting that data has a significantly greater impact on producing the findings.Do not confuse the terms "methods" and "methodology." As Schneider notes, a method refers to the technical steps taken to do research.Descriptions of methods usually include defining them and stating why you have chosen specific techniques to investigate a research problem, followed by an outline of the procedures you used to systematically select, gather, and process the data [remember to always save the interpretation of data for the discussion section of your paper].Such a list of sources is useful in and of itself, especially if it is accompanied by an explanation about the selection and use of the sources. Framed in this way, all empirical social sciences research involves theories and methods, whether they are stated explicitly or not.The description of the project's methodology complements a list of sources in that it sets forth the organization and interpretation of information emanating from those sources.. However, while theories and methods are often related, it is important that, as a researcher, you deliberately separate them in order to avoid your theories playing a disproportionate role in shaping what outcomes your chosen methods produce.It is almost a given that you will encounter problems when collecting or generating your data, or, gaps will exist in existing data or archival materials.Do not ignore these problems or pretend they did not occur. Don't avoid using a quantitative approach to analyzing your research problem just because you fear the idea of applying statistical designs and tests.Remember that you are not writing a how-to guide about a particular method.You should make the assumption that readers possess a basic understanding of how to investigate the research problem on their own and, therefore, you do not have to go into great detail about specific methodological procedures.