Third form is when a pregnant woman develops a higher blood sugar level without having any previous history of diabetes.
Diabetes has other forms too like congenital resulting from genetic defects in secreting insulin, cystic-fibrosis related, steroid diabetes and other monogenic forms of the disease.
Patients diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes have to depend upon insulin injections for lifetime and have to undergo regular tests for blood glucose level with special diet to prevent sugar levels from increasing.
Type 2 is the most common and prevalent form of diabetes around the world.
There are three major forms of diabetes namely Type1, Type 2 and third form is known as gestational diabetes.
Type1 and Type 2 were formerly known as insulin dependent and insulin non-dependent diabetes.Type2 diabetes is where a person can reduce dependence on medication with controlled diet to check glucose levels and bringing lot of exercise in their routine.The chronic metabolic disorder diabetes mellitus is a fast-growing global problem with huge social, health, and economic consequences.Overweight or obese people have higher risks of developing Type2 diabetes.Increased abdominal or belly fat also known as visceral fat also puts people on a higher risk as body’s cardiovascular and metabolic systems are destabilized in obese bodies.This chapter introduces the types of diabetes and diabetic complications such as impairment of immune system, periodontal disease, retinopathy, nephropathy, somatic and autonomic neuropathy, cardiovascular diseases and diabetic foot.Also included are the current management and treatments, and emerging therapies.Although prevention is always better, but in case diabetes develops in an individual, there are mechanisms to cure it too.Pancreas transplantation, artificial pancreas development and genetic manipulation are recent advancements in research and science which have made cure of diabetes a possibility.It is estimated that in 2010 there were globally 285 millionpeople (approximately 6.4% of the adult population) suffering from this disease.This number is estimated to increase to 430 million in the absence of better control or cure.