Background Civil Essay War

Background Civil Essay War-21
While the economy of the Northern states was driven by industries, the same was driven by agriculture in the Southern states.The Southern states were in favor of slavery, as they needed slaves to work as laborers on their fields.At the most basic level, the conflict arose from the ethnic tension between Sinhalese and Tamil citizens.

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The British also established schools in the northern, Tamil-majority part of the colony, and preferentially appointed Tamils to bureaucratic positions, angering the Sinhalese majority.

This was a common divide-and-rule tactic in European colonies that had troubling results in the post-colonial era in places such as Rwanda and Sudan. The Sinhalese majority immediately began to pass laws that discriminated against Tamils, particularly the Indian Tamils brought to the island by the British.

In the meanwhile, the Republican candidate, Abraham Lincoln became the President of the United States by defeating the nominee of the Southern faction, John C. Lincoln's pro-abolition stance had always been a threat for the Southern states, so his election came as a major blow for them.

Adding to the woes was the decision of the slave state of Kansas, which declared itself a free state and joined the Union.

Great Britain ruled Sri Lanka—then called Ceylon—from 1815 to 1948.

When the British arrived, the country was dominated by Sinhalese speakers whose ancestors likely arrived on the island from India in the 500s BCE.

As many as 3.5 million blacks were freed from the clutches of slavery during the Civil War.

The reconstruction phase, which had begun during the war itself, came to an end in 1877.

During the reconstruction phase, the authorities tried to address the issues caused by reunion of states.

Special emphasis was given to the act of determining the legal status of the eleven Southern states which seceded from the Union.

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