In the universe, everything is bound together in the sole system of society where an individual is connected to the society as a part of the whole.
A person lives in society; he is compelled to participate in any collective activity.
A lot of attention is dedicated to the greatest sin of pride.
We tend to think that we are in the center of the world and that everything was created only for our own use.
This essay was conceived to find the rational explanation of the divine plan, called “theodicy.”Some critics compare “An Essay on Man” to Milton’s “Paradise Lost.” Both authors tried to vindicate the ways of God to man but came up with different points of view.
Milton believed that a man could overcome the universal rules through honesty and faith.We are ready to complain against the Providence when something bad happens to us, we put pride over reason, and these are our main mistakes.The author dwells upon the problem of identity and self-love.Many celebrated philosophers spoke about this work with great enthusiasm and delight. He was at pains to introduce his first French translation of the book entitled “Discourse en vers sur l’homme” in 1738.Two writers were good friends during Voltaire’s stay in England for more than 24 months.God wants us to love ourselves, not in everything, but in the best.The love for oneself is built on the same reliable and strong foundation as our love for the nearest and dearest.The general scheme is as follows: God (the top) – angels demons – humanity – animals – plants – earth with minerals and other inanimate objects (the bottom).This Great Chain of Being is perfect and unchangeable.Instead, we can take care of sick people, feed the hungry and give a shelter for the homeless.We learn that there is a hierarchy in the universe.