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No pretense is made of there being either a balanced or complete picture of the paper and, in fact, incomplete and leading remarks may be used to spark the reader’s interest.In that a highlight abstract cannot stand independent of its associated article, it is not a true abstract and, therefore, rarely used in academic writing.
The abstract allows you to elaborate upon each major aspect of the paper and helps readers decide whether they want to read the rest of the paper.
Therefore, enough key information [e.g., summary results, observations, trends, etc.] must be included to make the abstract useful to someone who may want to examine your work.
Then ask yourself: if your abstract was the only part of the paper you could access, would you be happy with the amount of information presented there? If the answer is "no" then the abstract likely needs to be revised.
A critical abstract provides, in addition to describing main findings and information, a judgment or comment about the study’s validity, reliability, or completeness.
Although it is the first section of your paper, the abstract should be written last since it will summarize the contents of your entire paper.
A good strategy to begin composing your abstract is to take whole sentences or key phrases from each section of the paper and put them in a sequence that summarizes the contents. University of North Carolina; Borko, Harold and Seymour Chatman. University of Wisconsin, Madison; Hartley, James and Lucy Betts. Writing Tutorial Services, Center for Innovative Teaching and Learning. Citing to just a journal article's abstract does not confirm for the reader that you have conducted a thorough or reliable review of the literature.
You will need to describe the statistical methods that will help you validate your findings and provide meaningful results.
You may explaine how much data you need to “power” your study. You will need to explain what kinds of meaningful conclusions may be inferred from the data resulting from this project and methodology.
The target (recipient) of your proposal may have other criteria that they want you to address in your proposal.
It's good to find this info before you submit the proposal.