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Much of this land was parceled out to slaves in forty acre allotments. Led by the "Radical Republicans", congress passed sweeping legislation during the Reconstruction years.
The purpose of this code was to undermine the efforts of the federal government in giving forty acres of land to former slaves.
Many large plantations in the South were confiscated or abandoned.
That's extraordinary for the 19Lincoln historian and biographer Harold Holzer said the newspapers are "really the equivalent of staying glued to CNN or Fox today.""This was the biggest story in the history of the media up to that time," he said. Secretary Seward Daggered in His Bed But Not Mortally Wounded."In the day, "assassination" meant a surprise attack, not necessarily a murder.
The Herald's editions, looking almost as fresh as the day they were printed thanks to the high cotton content in the paper, detail the unfolding tragedy with a breathless immediacy undiluted by the passage of time."IMPORTANT," reads the ominous headline on the Herald's first early morning edition. But from the very first dispatches from Washington that the Herald published, it was clear Lincoln would not survive.
RELATED | Lincoln and slavery Now, for the first time, all seven editions of the Herald's coverage of the assassination of the Kentucky-born president are being displayed together in an exhibit at the Newseum marking the 150th anniversary of Lincoln's death. The newspapers also represent another of the endless layers of the Lincoln story.
RELATED | Speaking plain of the dead"I really think it is the most consequential murder in American history, in terms of the stature of the victim and the bad effects that flowed from it," said Terry Alford, a historian who consulted on the exhibit and authored "Fortune's Fool: The Life of John Wilkes Booth," which is being published in April.
Had Lincoln lived perhaps history would have different. Lincoln looked to reconstruction as a time of healing.
The assassination of Lincoln, however, left the vulnerable Andrew Johnson, a Southerner and former slave owner with no college education, President. The Radical Republicans, however, looked at reconstruction as an opportunity to teach the South a lesson and to punish them.
The year following the Civil War, congress passed the Civil Rights act of 1866. Congress, however, overrode his veto and immediately passed the 14th Amendment due in part to Johnson's resistance.
The purpose of both measures involved the rights of persons born or naturalized in the United States, "All persons born or naturalized in the United States and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside.