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In his 1984, Orwell creates a strictly totalitarian society, offering an alarming glimpse into a possible future.Orwell’s society shows every characteristic named above in the definition of totalitarianism, its government’s sole goal to maintain power.The society of 1984 functioned on the belief that control over the human mind is control over reality.
“Totalitarianism: Of, relating to, being, or imposing a form of government in which the political authority exercises absolute and centralized control over all aspects of life, the individual is subordinated to the state, and opposing political and cultural expression is suppressed,” (dictionary. Essentially, totalitarianism is a type of government in which the person or people in power seek to maintain absolute control over every person under their authority, with virtually all importance eliminated from the concept of an individual.
The term was characterized by Hannah Arendt, the German-American political theorist who wrote The Origins of Totalitarianism, inspired by Hitler and Stalin of the just-finished World War II and just-starting Cold War.
That action is considered by the Party the most horrible, for only with thought and a conscious decision to take action will any action be performed; without thoughtcrime, no crime would be committed.
As such, the Party utilizes every possible method of eliminating thoughtcrime.
The constant fear of violence keeps them in a state of total submission.
Even Winston, a man desperate to break free of Party control, yields to the Party when they take him to Room 101.
Only the present out of the three times is tangible, so the others do not really exist.
And since reality exists only in the human mind, the Party has only to control the thoughts of that mind to control the reality of past, present, and future.
Their ability to do so is even seen in the language; the English language is developed to satisfy the ideological needs of the society, creating Newspeak.
One man says, ” ‘Don’t you see that the whole aim of Newspeak is to narrow the range of thought?